A pioneering habitable 3D printed house is to be built in The Netherlands.
The university is a global forerunner in concrete 3D printing, recently developing the world’s first 3D-printed bridge.
The three-bedroom bungalow will be the first of five homes to be delivered on site in Eindhoven and will be the world’s premier habitable printed building.
All the homes are subject to standard building regulations and will have conventional foundations. The exterior and inner walls of the homes will be printed off-site at Eindhoven University of Technology.
Cement will be printed according to architectural designs, adding layer upon layer to create walls, gradually increasing the strength of the buildings. The design of the homes will be based on irregular blocks in the centre of a green landscape.
Eindhoven University of Technology will continue to research and develop its designs during the build process, so that new techniques can be incorporated into the development.
The university hopes to build the final home on site, also printing the building’s drainage pipes and other necessary installations.
The homes are expected to be purchased by leading Dutch estate agents, Vesteda, who will let the properties out to local tenants. The smallest proposed home, which will feature just two bedrooms, has already received numerous applications from interested parties.
The properties form part of Holland’s innovative Project Milestone, a five year strategy to produce more housing across the country. The project is an innovative solution to Holland’s nationwide bricklayer shortage and will be a cheaper alternative to traditional delivery routes.
3D printing allows for ultimate customisation, with individuals able to incorporate their desired design elements into their homes at minimum extra cost. The homes will also be highly sustainable, as much less concrete is needed to create them, reducing the CO2 emissions associated with traditional cement production.
Work on the first 3D home is due to commence later this year and is expected to be completed by mid 2019.
The Netherlands already offers a blueprint for custom build, with inspiring large-scale developments at Almere and Ijburg. The country is now leading the way with innovative Modern Methods of Construction (MMC), which could help to aid the global housing crisis.
Rudy van Gurp, manager at Van Wijnen, hopes that 3D printed homes will become a mainstream solution within the next five years, with around 5% of Dutch homes being built in this way.
He commented on the news: “We have a shortage of bricklayers and people who work outside, so 3D printing offers a solution. This method will eventually be cheaper than traditional building, since bricklaying is becoming more and more expensive. We are already looking to take the designs of the homes a step further and people will be able to design their own homes and then print them out. People will be able to make their homes suit them, personalise them, and make them more aesthetically pleasing.”
Words: Jen Grimble Photography: Houben/Van Mierlo and 3dprintedhouse.nl
3D printing could revolutionise the building industry, aiding a Europe-wide shortage of skilled construction workers and simultaneously lowering the cost of increasingly expensive building materials. Concrete printing allows for almost any shape to be constructed, meaning it is one of the most customisable routes to housing delivery. Printing in this way also allows for wireless sensors to be placed directly into walls, allowing homes to be fully integrated. This innovative route is fantastic news for the sector, creating international awareness as well as offering a real solution to the housing shortfall.